Research

Earthquakes and Injection wells

ARE SEISMICITY RATE CHANGES IN THE MIDCONTINENT

 According the USGS, in 1961, a 12,000-foot well was drilled at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal. This site is located just northeast of Denver. The waste injection began 1962 and an unusual series of earthquakes erupted not long after. USGS http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/colorado/history.php

Rocky Mountain Arsenal, from 1990 titled, Earthquake Hazard Associated with Deep Well Injection—A Report to the US Environmental Protection Agency. On page 4 in Table 1 of this report provides a list of earthquakes where deep well injection is the known cause of the quakes.Nicholson and Wesson Report, 1990 http://foodfreedom.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/earthquake-hazard-associated-with-deep-well-injection-report-to-epa-nicholson-wesson-1990.pdf

Geomechanical Study of Bowland Shale Seismicity commissioned by Cuadrilla (11/2011) http://www.cuadrillaresources.com/cms/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Seismic-Report-Executive-Summary-02-11-11.pdf

British Geological Survey, Blackpool Earthquake (May 2011) http://www.bgs.ac.uk/research/earthquakes/blackpoolMay2011.html

 

Radioactivity in Oil and Gas Waste

US Environmental Protection Agency to State of NJ Re: TENORM Remediation

US Environmental Protection Agency Response to TENORM Remediation under Superfund.

Analysisi of Reserve Pit Sludge from Unconventional Natural Gas Hydraulic Fracturing

USGS-Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in Produced Water and Oil-Field Equipment—
An Issue for the Energy Industry

Sci Am- Natural Gas Drilling Produces Radioactive Wastewater-Wastewater from natural gas drilling in New York State is radioactive, as high as 267 times the limit safe for discharge into the environment and thousands of times the limit safe for people to drink.
 

Contamination from injection

GAO to US EPA-Safeguards Are Not Preventing Contamination From Injected Oil and Gas Wastes